Referenced in ancient Assyrian text describing the plant growing in the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. In the middle-ages it was used for aiding digestion and blood issues. The European region first recorded the cultivation of beets for consumption in 1542. The stalks were consumed widely prior to the regular consumption of the root. Modern controversy has surrounded this plant because of its experimentation with being genetically modified, fortunately some countries do not allow this type of farming. The healthy phyto-nutrients are more abundant when grown without the use of fertilizers. Betaine antioxidant gives the root it’s deep red color. Beets are now been recognized as a performance enhancer which is connected to the Nitrate compounds.